What are Electric Bikes?

Electric bikes, or e-bikes as they are more commonly known as, are similar to your conventional peddle powered bicycle, but with one fundamental difference, they contain an electric motor. The industry has experienced rapid growth over the last two decades and sales of e-bikes have continued to climb. Market research suggests the e-bike industry will continue to grow, especially across the UK.

So, what exactly are electric bikes?

If you hear someone speaking about an electric bike you may automatically assume that it is some kind of electrically powered moped or motorbike. But an e-bike looks more like a regular bicycle than a motorbike, the manufacturers add extra components to it including a motor, control system, and battery. Each part increases the power output, but the design element stays relatively the same. These additional features make what looks like a regular bike an electric bike.

How do they work?

An electric bike works much the same as a regular bike, the additional features are designed to assist riders when they must navigate difficult obstacles such as strong headwinds or hill climbs. These bikes were not created to completely replace human power, but merely to assist cyclists when they face more challenging terrain or weather. They handle like a conventional bike and still operate using the same type of braking system, one key advantage of using an e-bike is that they allow you to travel over long distances, riders don’t get as tired as they would do using regular bicycles which enables them to tackle extra miles. If you’ve bought electric bikes in Yorkshire, you can could easily get from Leeds to Wakefield in record time. Once you feel your muscles start to burn, let the electric motor take over and give yourself a much-needed break.

3 Core Components

  1. Motor

This component on an e-bike is the most important feature, without this the whole system breaks down. Although some e-bikes are designed differently, they fundamentally operate in the exact same way. Most e-bikes contain either front, middle or rear motors.

  1. Battery

There are three different functions on an e-bike:

  • Pedal only
  • Pedal assist
  • Electric only

The battery life cycle depends on the rider’s style, charging the bike, getting on, and only use the throttle means your battery will quickly become depleted. In contrast, if you opt to use the pedal only feature your battery will last much longer.

  1. Drivetrain

This is what provides power and torque to the e-bike, on a mid-drive model the power is sent directly to the drivetrain making it a lot easier to turn the bike chain. A rear or front hub electric bike requires power to be directed to this area, making it more difficult to ride than a mid-drive model. Each model provides a different feeling, so it is important to test drive each one to see what suits you best.

Electric bikes are an exciting alternative to conventional bicycles, they’re easy to control and the batteries last from 20 to 60 miles depending usage. They are very affordable and can be purchased from various locations throughout the UK.